Racial discrimination: International law

Racism has no justification. Racism may take numerous forms and manifest itself in a variety of settings. Prejudice, discrimination, or hostility directed at someone fall under this category.


Race discrimination is when you are treated differently because of your race. Racism, also known as racialism, is the belief that humans can be divided into distinct biological entities known as “races,” that there is a causal link between inherited physical traits and personality, intellect, morality, and other cultural and behavioral characteristics, and that some races are innately superior to others. The phrase also refers to political, economic, or legal institutions and systems that participate in or perpetuate racial discrimination or otherwise exacerbate racial disparities in wealth and income, education, health care, civil rights, and other sectors.

Discrimination cuts to the core of what it is to be human. Someone’s rights are being violated just because of who they are or what they believe. Discrimination is destructive and contributes to the perpetuation of inequity. Regardless of race, ethnicity, country, class, caste, religion, belief, sex, gender, language, sexual orientation, gender identity, sex characteristics, age, health, or other status, we all have the right to be treated equally. Discrimination occurs when a person is denied the opportunity to exercise his or her human or other legal rights on an equal footing with others due to an arbitrary disparity in policy, legislation, or treatment. The mission of the FSF-IHCE is based on the idea of non-discrimination.

Different types of Race Discrimination.

  • Direct discrimination: This occurs when someone treats you differently because of your race than another individual in a comparable scenario.
  • Indirect discrimination: This occurs when an organization has a policy or manner of operation that disadvantages members of your racial group. Indirect race discrimination may be tolerated in some cases provided the organization or employer can demonstrate that the prejudice is justified. And is known as Objective justification.
  • Harassment: Harassment happens when someone humiliates, offends, or degrades you.
  • Victimization: This is when you are treated badly because you have made a complaint of race related discrimination under the Equality Act. It can also occur if you are supporting someone who has made a complaint of race related discrimination.

International law on racial discrimination

Efforts to counteract racism and xenophobia, which result in acts of discrimination and violence, are not new occurrences in history. Slavery, colonialism, anti-Semitism, and extreme nationalism have all existed at some point in history. Egalitarian and worldwide religions, political movements, and legislation are also visible. Ending slavery and reducing racial prejudice have received a lot of attention in the contemporary era. Challenges against xenophobia or arbitrary discrimination in law and practice based on the foreign nationality of persons legitimately living inside a country have been far less prevalent.

It is widely acknowledged and generally lawful that citizens should get preferential treatment or be granted specific privileges. International human rights instruments and national laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, or ethnic origin frequently maintain traditional nationality distinctions and explicitly exclude lawfully non citizens from some or all of the established protections. Xenophobia, on the other hand, is forbidden and can be regarded an expression of arbitrary or invidious discrimination against immigrants, despite the fact that the latter term does not occur in most legal instruments dealing with discrimination.

The United Nations’ mission continues to be focused on combating racism and eliminating racial discrimination. International rules have been formed as a result of the United Nations’ efforts, requiring nations to work toward the elimination of all types of racial discrimination. Treaties or conventions are international laws that apply all across the world. A treaty or convention functions similarly to a contract. When a nation becomes a party to a convention, it is obligated to follow the rules set down in the convention.

There are different global declarations, in addition to international treaties and conventions, that declare the international community’s desire to end racial discrimination. The declarations are statements of principles established by the United Nations or other international organizations such as the United Nations Education, Social, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). These international declarations are different from treaties in that they do not usually impose legally enforceable responsibilities on other countries. These statements, on the other hand, are morally binding and have a lot of sway on governments when it comes to establishing acceptable human rights protection standards.

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